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Army Air Defence

Joint Ground Based Air Defence


Joint Ground Based Air Defence Headquarters commands the Army’s Air Defence Capability. It is also responsible for detecting, identifying and tracking aircraft in support of UK Operations.


Operational Success

Within Joint Ground Based Air Defence (Jt GBAD) the regiments have delivered operational success in Iraq, Afghanistan and the Falkland Islands.

The commitment to the Falklands Islands is an enduring one, with Rapier permanently deployed there.

In recent years Jt GBAD has also supported UK counter-terrorism activities.



The Formation is built upon three specialist capabilities:

  • Very Short Range Air Defence
  • Short Range Air Defence and
  • Land Environment Air Picture Provision.

The Land Environment Air Picture Provision uses the Giraffe RADAR to detect, identify and track aircraft out to a range of 120km. This is used to create a Local Air Picture to provide information for the air defence control network.

Combined with other capabilities a picture of what is happening in the air across a wide area can be transmitted to Commanders anywhere in the world.


Formation Structure

The Formation is made up of:

  • 12th Regiment Royal Artillery
  • 16th Regiment Royal Artillery
  • 106 (Yeomanry) Regiment Royal Artillery (Reserve Regiment)

Jt GBAD is growing in both its capability and manning as its Operational Command moves from the RAF to the Army.

Headquarters Location

  • HQ Joint Ground Based Air Defence

    Baker Barracks, Thorney Island, PO10 8DH

Air Defence Systems


Multiple Targets The Rapier has the capability of engaging two targets at once

Artillery and air defence

Starstreak High Velocity Missile

Design The Starstreak (HVM) is designed to counter threats from very high performance, low-flying aircraft and fast 'pop up' strikes by helicopter attacks

Artillery and air defence