Hundreds of soldiers have been undergoing intense training in temperatures as low as minus 20 degrees Celsius in Estonia, as part of the ongoing NATO presence across the Baltics and Poland.
During the two weeks of Exercise Winter Camp, the 5 RIFLES-led NATO enhanced Forward Presence (eFP) Battlegroup has trained in deep snow and freezing conditions on the Central Training Area near its base in Tapa.
To prepare troops for Winter Camp the Battlegroup took part in a Cold Weather Operator’s Course learning to build shelters, staying out in conditions well below freezing, and surviving jumping into ice cold lakes.
Lieutenant Colonel Jim Hadfield, Commanding Officer of the Battlegroup, explained: “As British soldiers we don’t often soldier in -20 degrees Celsius or this kind of depth of snow. It presents equipment challenges, clothing challenges, as well as different tactics, and the cold weather operators course provides that foundational baseline bit of training, to make sure that we can build upon that and be as good a team as we can be.”
The infantry companies of 5 RIFLES honed their fighting skills in dense snowy forestry with a combination of dismounted close combat live and blank fire tactical training.
We all joined the infantry for a challenge, and this absolutely qualifies as one OC A Company, 5 RIFLES
"We all joined the infantry for a challenge, and this absolutely qualifies as one," says Major Rob Fellows, Officer Commanding of A Company, 5 RIFLES.
"Although I have operated in cold conditions before, including in an Afghan winter and done attacks with snow on the ground in the UK, I have never operated in winter conditions as challenging as this, where the snow is as deep as it is, and where the climate is as unforgiving. Therefore, leading a company through a week of high-intensity training in those conditions is really rewarding.
“We just ended on a high of a successful company attack. I think the company is really buzzing from that and we’ll all go back to camp with a real sense of achievement," he said.
Meanwhile, the Challenger Main Battle tanks of D Squadron Queen’s Royal Hussars tackled the snow and ice of forest tracks as they trained with the Estonian Defence Force’s (EDF) Scouts Battalion.
“The Estonians are experienced out here and they know what they are doing with tanks and can guide the commanders to positions they want to utilise us. They can have their CV90s alongside us,” said Trooper Cameron Dixon of D Squadron.
“This is by far the coldest exercise I have done,” he said. "You’ve got to keep warm, eat hot food and move about while maintaining the tanks. You’ve got to keep layered up too and it can be quite tight inside the tank with body armour on, but you’ve got push through.”
Lt Col Hadfield said: “As part of our training here as the eFP Battlegroup, one of the things that we absolutely have to be is combat credible, and combat credibility for me is the function of three things; one is our integration, and that’s not only our integration into the Estonian national defence plan but our integration across the whole region. It’s also about interoperability [and] our ability to soldier in this environment alongside our Estonian colleagues.’’
All this training was importantly supported by personnel from the Royal Electrical & Mechanical Engineers (REME), the Royal Logistic Corps, 5 Armoured Engineer Squadron part of 22 Engineer Regiment as well as Medics.