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A Company history

A (London Scottish) Company, based at Westminster and Catford, can trace its descent from the Highland Armed Association of London and the Loyal North Britons, which had been raised in 1793 and 1803.

In 1859 the London Scottish Rifle Volunteers were raised, sponsored by the Highland Society and the Caledonian Society of London, and commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Lord Elcho. The soldiers were given a uniform of homespun cloth known as Hodden Grey to avoid inter-clan rivalry and kilts today are still made of this distinctive material.

During the Boer War, the Regiment supplied contingents of Volunteers who served with the Gordon Highlanders and those links survive still. In 1908 the Volunteer Force ceased to exist and became the Territorial Force. The 7th Middlesex (London Scottish) Volunteer Rifle Corps changed its name to the 14th (County of London) Battalion, The London Regiment (London Scottish).

The 1st Battalion was mobilised on 5 August 1914 and was the first Territorial battalion to go into action against the Germans at Messines, near Ypres on 31 October. The Battalion continued to serve in France and Flanders throughout the War taking part in all the major offensives. The 2nd Battalion served in France, the Balkans and Palestine, while a 3rd Battalion was a Reserve Battalion and supplied drafts to the other two. Two Victoria Crosses and nineteen Distinguished Service Orders were awarded to members of the Regiment.

In 1920 the 1st Battalion was raised again on a peacetime basis. The Honorary Colonel was Field Marshal Earl Haig from 1919-1928 and he was succeeded in 1935 by HRH The Duchess of York, later HM Queen Elizabeth, and then HM Queen Elizabeth, The Queen Mother. In 1936, the Battalion appeared in the Army List as a Territorial Battalion of the Gordon Highlanders and two years later recruited the 2nd Battalion. The 3rd Battalion was formed from those on the waiting list, as a Heavy Anti-Aircraft unit titled 97th HAA Regiment RA, TA (The London Scottish).

The Regiment reformed in 1947 and following the TA restructuring of 1967, formed G (London Scottish) Company 1st Battalion 51st Highland Volunteers. On the formation of The London Regiment in 1992 it became A (London Scottish) Company.

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