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B Company history

B (Queen's Regiment) Company is headquartered at Edgware, with a platoon at Hornsey. The Company can trace its history from the 1779 Act of Parliament authorising the raising of Volunteer Companies to be attached to County Militia Regiments.

In 1798 Armed Associations were raised by statute including the Edmonton, Enfield, Highgate, Loyal Hampstead and Tottenham Associations, but were disbanded after peace had been declared. The victory at Waterloo allowed the regular forces to reduce in strength and the Militia, which had absorbed the Volunteers, was disembodied.

In 1782 the First Volunteer Act was passed separating the Volunteers from the Militia. Two classes of Corps were enrolled either for the defence of their towns and coasts or for general defence of the Kingdom, but only for the duration of the War.

In 1859 the Rifle Volunteer Corps was authorised on the proviso that they provided their own arms, clothing and equipment. Corps formed in Hampstead, Barnet, Hornsey, Highgate, Tottenham and Enfield to form the 2nd Battalion Middlesex Rifle Volunteers and the 17th (North) Middlesex Rifle Volunteers.

 

Some of the fifty units of the Corps were trained at Housnlow, but unlike the Militia who did a month's training a year and nothing else, the Volunteers trained at their own expense and on such days as they chose. The 2nd Battalion later became 3rd Middlesex Rifle Volunteer Corps which was retitled the 1st Volunteer Battalion the Duke of Cambridge's Own Middlesex Regiment. Hundreds of members fought in South Africa.

In 1798 Armed Associations were raised by statute including the Edmonton, Enfield, Highgate, Loyal Hampstead and Tottenham Associations, but were disbanded after peace had been declared. The victory at Waterloo allowed the regular forces to reduce in strength and the Militia, which had absorbed the Volunteers, was disembodied.

Until 1941 all three battalions were engaged in training and defence duties. The 1st Battalion went overseas in 1942 to join the Persia and Iraq Force, later taking part in the invasion of Sicily and Italy, afterwards becoming part of the Army of Occupation. The 2nd Battalion was denied active service as a unit although many were drafted to the 1st Battalion or other units in 51st Highland Division. The 3rd Battalion converted from static to mobile HAA and served in Egypt from December 1942, also taking part in the invasion of Italy. One Victoria Cross and three DSOs were awarded to members of the Regiment.

In 1935, the 19th London became 33rd (St Pancras) Anti-Aircraft Bn and took part in the air defence of Britain in the Second World War, as did 9th Middlesex who retained their title and Colours although transferred to the Royal Artillery. The 7th were at Dunkirk and later were Machine Gun Battalion to 51st Highland Division in North Africa. The 8th Battalion had the same role and reconstituted the 1st (regular) Battalion after its capture in the fall of Hong Kong in 1942, serving in NW Europe. In 1947 the 8th formed the 11th Battalion, Parachute Regiment.In 1798 Armed Associations were raised by statute including the Edmonton, Enfield, Highgate, Loyal Hampstead and Tottenham Associations, but were disbanded after peace had been declared. The victory at Waterloo allowed the regular forces to reduce in strength and the Militia, which had absorbed the Volunteers, was disembodied.

The 7th, 8th and 9th merged to form the 5th Middlesex in 1961, reviving an old Militia title, but divided in 1968 with one company (Hornsey) joining 5 QUEENS and the rest to 10 QUEENS. In 1971 the Edgware Company (by now part of 6 QUEENS) merged with Hornsey and was joined by the descendant of 19th London to form B Company 7QUEENS in 1975. Transferring to 8th Battalion The Queen's Fusiliers in 1990, the Company became B (Queen's Regiment) Company of The London Regiment on formation.

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