On 9 April the Germans tried again with a smaller offensive south of Ypres, which captured the Messines ridge and much of the Passchendaele salient. Once again the German attack lost momentum. Although they tested the French with a series of offensives further south between 27 May and 17 July, the Germans had shot their bolt. German morale began to crumble and on 18 July the French launched a counter-attack on the Marne, forcing the Germans back. Germany’s attempt to break through had exhausted its army and the initiative passed back to the Allies

General Sir Douglas Haig.

General Sir Douglas Haig.

The Register of the Cambrai Memorial, France. 2 of 2.

The Register of the Cambrai Memorial, France. 2 of 2.

The Register of the Cambrai Memorial, France. 1 of 2.

The Register of the Cambrai Memorial, France. 1 of 2.

Graveyard at Passchendaele, 1917.

Graveyard at Passchendaele, 1917.

Horse-drawn water cart stuck in the mud, St. Eloi, 1917.

Horse-drawn water cart stuck in the mud, St. Eloi, 1917.

Ammunition limbers moving up the Ypres-Menin Road, Sept 1917.

Ammunition limbers moving up the Ypres-Menin Road, Sept 1917.

Reinforcements... St Julien', 1917.

Reinforcements… St Julien’, 1917.

…t hrough the maze of trenches at Passchendale [sic]', 1917(c)

…t hrough the maze of trenches at Passchendale [sic]’, 1917(c)

Through gas and smoke… Passchendaele Ridge, 1917.

Through gas and smoke… Passchendaele Ridge, 1917.

In the firing line at Passchendaele

In the firing line at Passchendaele

Attending to wounded on the Menin Road, Ypres...', 1917.

Attending to wounded on the Menin Road, Ypres…’, 1917.

North Country troops bomb Hun machine-gunners... 1917'.

North Country troops bomb Hun machine-gunners… 1917′.

British troops near Boesinghe, 18 August 1917.

British troops near Boesinghe, 18 August 1917.

Private Percy Ottley, The London Scottish, 1916 (c).

Private Percy Ottley, The London Scottish, 1916 (c).

Mrs Ethel Annie Ottley, 1914 (c).

Mrs Ethel Annie Ottley, 1914 (c).

Private Percy Ottley, The London Scottish, 1914 (c).

Private Percy Ottley, The London Scottish, 1914 (c).

R.E.'s mine and counter-mine Messines Ridge, 1917.

R.E.’s mine and counter-mine Messines Ridge, 1917.

Gas Alarm! 1917 (c).

Gas Alarm! 1917 (c).

Wounded from Ypres at improvised hospital, Bailleul, nd.

Wounded from Ypres at improvised hospital, Bailleul, nd.

Wounded from Ypres at improvised hospital, Bailleul, nd.

Wounded from Ypres at improvised hospital, Bailleul, nd.

Sappers and miners at work on a tunnel, April 1915.

Sappers and miners at work on a tunnel, April 1915.

Benbow 2nd Tank Bn Hit. Sept: 1917 - Clapham Junction

Benbow 2nd Tank Bn Hit. Sept: 1917 – Clapham Junction

Men who fell covering the retreat at Albert...' 1918.

Men who fell covering the retreat at Albert…’ 1918.

Account of 2nd Battn the Welch [sic] Regt, 1914. 9 of 11.

Account of 2nd Battn the Welch [sic] Regt, 1914. 9 of 11.

Account of 2nd Battn the Welch [sic] Regt, 1914. 8 of 11.

Account of 2nd Battn the Welch [sic] Regt, 1914. 8 of 11.

Account of 2nd Battn the Welch [sic] Regt, 1914. 7 of 11.

Account of 2nd Battn the Welch [sic] Regt, 1914. 7 of 11.

Account of 2nd Battn the Welch [sic] Regt, 1914. 6 of 11.

Account of 2nd Battn the Welch [sic] Regt, 1914. 6 of 11.

Account of 2nd Battn the Welch [sic] Regt, 1914. 5 of 11.

Account of 2nd Battn the Welch [sic] Regt, 1914. 5 of 11.

Account of 2nd Battn the Welch [sic] Regt, 1914. 4 of 11.

Account of 2nd Battn the Welch [sic] Regt, 1914. 4 of 11.

Account of 2nd Battn the Welch [sic] Regt, 1914. 3 of 11.

Account of 2nd Battn the Welch [sic] Regt, 1914. 3 of 11.

The Wipers Times', No. 3, Vol 1, Monday 6 March 1916. 2 of 2.

The Wipers Times’, No. 3, Vol 1, Monday 6 March 1916. 2 of 2.

The Wipers Times', No. 3, Vol 1, Monday 6 March 1916. 1 of 2.

The Wipers Times’, No. 3, Vol 1, Monday 6 March 1916. 1 of 2.

The B.E.F. Times', No. 2 8 September 1917.

The B.E.F. Times’, No. 2 8 September 1917.

The 'New Church' Times, No. 2 Vol. 1, 2 May 1916. 2 of 2.

The ‘New Church’ Times, No. 2 Vol. 1, 2 May 1916. 2 of 2.

The 'New Church' Times, No. 2 Vol. 1, 2 May 1916. 1 of 2.

The ‘New Church’ Times, No. 2 Vol. 1, 2 May 1916. 1 of 2.

Camouflaged tanks and infantry moving up to the attack, 1917.

Camouflaged tanks and infantry moving up to the attack, 1917.

Wanted Smart and Intelligent Young Men…

Wanted Smart and Intelligent Young Men…

Map of the British Front. 1 of 2.

Map of the British Front. 1 of 2.

Map of the British Front. 1 of 2.

Map of the British Front. 1 of 2.

Map of Ypres, 19169(c).

Map of Ypres, 19169(c).

Haig Map Ypres NW

Haig Map Ypres NW

Haig Map Ypres NE

Haig Map Ypres NE

Haig Map Ypres NE

Haig Map Ypres NE

Haig Map Ypres SW

Haig Map Ypres SW

Haig Map Ypres SE

Haig Map Ypres SE

Haig Map Ypres NW

Haig Map Ypres NW